On Divine Worship and its similarities to the Roman Missal and Missale Romanum

In discussions regarding the liturgical details of Divine Worship: The Missal, which is the missal used by the Personal Ordinariates for former Anglicans, a frequently visited topic is how the missal relates to the Roman Missal and/or the 1962 Missale Romanum. This is also a frequently debated topic, for a number of reasons that I will not analyze now. However, what I am choosing to do now is present a semi-detailed comparison of Divine Worship with both the Roman Missal and the Missale Romanum. No bias is intended to make it appear more like either missal. I should also note that this chart does not indicate or imply that it is prohibited to add any practices to the missals not found in them. However, it does not include extra-missal practices, no matter how frequently they occur, for the purpose of examining only the missals themselves. I hope that this is a helpful reference for those that would like to take a closer look between the three missals and even a helpful chart to help others learn more about the missals in general.

 

The Roman Missal Divine Worship: The Missal 1962 Missale Romanum
Rite of Sprinkling Holy Water Included after Introit and Greeting in place of the Penitential Act Included for optional use in appendix before Mass Usually before the principal Mass on Sundays
Sung introit Sung before Greeting Sung at some point after ministers are assembled for Mass, typically during the censing of the altar or while the preparatory prayers take place, presumably in place of read introit Sung approximately during preparatory prayers, in addition to the read introit
Sung Kyrie Sung whenever it would be read, replacing reading it Presumably sung in place of reading Sung after introit, in addition to the read Kyrie
Preparatory Prayers Not included in Missal Included for optional use in appendix Required before the Introit
Prayer(s) after Preparatory prayers N/A Collect for Purity Aufer a Nobis and Oramus Te
Blessing incense (when incense is used) No indication of blessing at the first altar censing No indication of blessing at the first altar censing Deacon: “A blessing, Reverend Father.”

Priest: “Mayest thou be blessed + by Him in Whose honor thou art to be burnt. Amen.”

Read introit Only when nothing is sung, but taken from the Roman Missal instead of the Graduale Romanum;

Reading the introit even when it has been sung is not mentioned

Read at least when introit or another song is not sung; reading the introit even when it has been sung is not mentioned Always read after censing
Sign of the Cross Always included here Omitted when preparatory prayers are used. Included if they aren’t N/A
Greeting Included N/A N/A
Penitential Act Three different options No formally titled “penitential act” here. The traditional Confiteor is included in the preparatory prayers if they are used. Formal penitential act is included after the intercessions. The Confiteor is included in the Preparatory Prayers, but there’s no “penitential act” otherwise.
Collect for Purity N/A Included at this point if the Preparatory Prayers were not used N/A
Summary of the Law N/A Included here. It is omitted if the preparatory prayers were used and/or the decalogue is recited. Other times, the missal implies it is optional, by use of the words “may say” N/A
Decalogue N/A May replace Summary of the Law and Kyrie N/A
Kyrie If form A or B of the Penitential Act is used, the Kyrie follows after. Form C is the Kyrie, with tropes Included here unless the Decalogue is recited Included here
Gloria Included on “Sundays outside Advent and Lent, and also on Solemnities and Feasts, and at particular celebrations of a more solemn character.” “The Gloria is sung or said on Sundays, on Solemnities and Feasts, on every day during the Octaves of Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost, and at special celebrations of a more solemn character. It is not said on the Sundays of Advent, and on the Sundays of Pre-Lent and Lent.” Included by default and omitted when the Te Deum is not sung at Matins.
Variant texts at beginning of Gloria “and on earth peace to people of good will” “and on earth peace, good will towards men” “et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis” – “and in earth peace to men of good will”
Simultaneous singing and quiet recitation of the Kyrie and Gloria Not mentioned Not mentioned Included in sung and Solemn Mass
Signing at end of Gloria Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed for spoken text
Kissing altar N/A; at sedilia Included if at altar Included if at altar
“The Lord be with you. And with thy spirit.” Omitted Included Included
Collect Included. Only one collect. Included. Only one collect. Included. Multiple collects permitted.
Reading Always included Always included Always included
Gradual (or another prescribed chant) Always included. Alternative psalm options permitted. Always included. Alternative psalm options permitted. Always included
Reading Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on Sundays and Solemnities Omitted in a typical Mass
Location of Epistle Mandatory at ambo (GIRM 58) Unclear. Various options are typically practiced. By a priest in Sung or Low Mass at the altar on epistle side (lector may chant Epistle at Sung Mass); by the subdeacon of the Mass, typically before the altar steps
“Deo gratias” after readings Always included; preceded by “The word of the Lord” Always included; preceded by “The word of the Lord” Included quietly, after priest reading it
Alleluia (or another prescribed chant) Typically included. May be omitted if not sung. Included. Included.
Priest reading reading(s) and propers while they are being sung Not mentioned; presumption that priest is at sedilia Not mentioned; presumption that priest is at sedilia Included
Imposition of incense (when incense is used) Included with a blessing, but no text is mentioned. GIRM 132 does not speak against saying something during the blessing, as GIRM 144 does (during the offertory) Included with a blessing in the Order of Mass. Missal is silent on whether the blessing may include a spoken text. Included with a blessing with a text:
Deacon: “A blessing, Reverend Father.”
Priest: “Mayest thou be blessed + by Him in Whose honor thou art to be burnt. Amen.”
Deacon’s prayer before receiving blessing (“Cleanse my heart and my lips…”) Not included Not included Included
Priest blessing the deacon Included Included Included
Location of Gospel Mandatory at ambo (GIRM 58) Permitted to be in several locations. Commonly proclaimed at Solemn or Sung Mass in the midst of the people. By a priest in Sung or Low Mass at the altar on the gospel side; by the deacon of the Mass, in the proper place for the gospel procession
“The Lord be with…” Included Included Included
“A reading from…” Included Included Included
Gospel Included Included Included
“Laus tibi, Christe” Included, preceded by “The Gospel of the Lord” Included, preceded by “The Gospel of the Lord” Included quietly
Incensing the priest Not mentioned Not mentioned Included
Homily Required for Sundays and Holy Days of Obligations; not required otherwise, but always permitted Required for Sundays and Holy Days of Obligations; not required otherwise, but always permitted Not required but permitted
Nicene Creed Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on Sundays and Solemnities Included on 1st and 2nd class feasts
Genuflection for the Incarnation Included on the Solemnities of the Annunciation and Nativity; substituted by bowing on all other days Included Included
Signing at end of creed Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed for spoken text
Apostles Creed May substitute Nicene Creed Not given in Missal Not given in Missal
Prayers of the People Included Included (optional on weekdays) Not included
Penitential Rite Not included here Included here. May be omitted if preparatory prayers were said with the Confiteor Not included here. Second Confiteor is optional before communion
Comfortable Words Not included Optional Not included
Announcements and Sentences Not included Optional Not included
“The Lord be with…” Not included Not included Included
Offertory verse read by priest Not included; no such verse in missal Included when not sung, presumably only when not sung Always included
Offertory verse sung May be sung; taken from a source such as the Graduale Romanum May be sung, in which case, the missal presumes it is not read – “sung or said” Always sung at Sung and Solemn Mass
Traditional Offertory Not included Included as first option Mandatory
“Benedicite, Pater reverende” before blessing water and incense Not mentioned Not mentioned Included at Solemn Mass
Modern Offertory Included Included as second option Not included
“Pray, Brethren” Included, spoken aloud Included, presumably spoken aloud Included, quietly after first two words
Secret Included, aloud Included, aloud Included, quietly and aloud at end
Sursum Corda Included Included Included
Signing at Benedictus Not mentioned Prescribed Prescribed at spoken Benedictus
Regarding sung Sanctus and Benedictus If sung, they are sung together, and presumably replace the spoken text. If sung, they are sung together, and presumably replace the spoken text. Always sung at sung and Solemn Masses and sacred ministers always read them together and continue Canon immediately. Chanted settings are sung together. Non-chanted settings are broken up to have the Benedictus after the consecration and elevation of the chalice.
Anaphora Multiple options given, including the Roman Canon Two options given, equivalent to the Roman Canon and Eucharistic Prayer II of the OF. Canon mandatory on Sundays Roman Canon only

 

 

 

 

 

“The Mystery of Faith” Spoken/sung after reverencing the consecrated Blood, followed by an acclamation Spoken/sung after reverencing the consecrated Blood, followed by an acclamation Spoken in the consecration of the Blood

 

Tone of voice for Anaphora Presumably aloud Presumably aloud Silent with a raised voice at “To us sinners also” and aloud at end of doxology
Genuflection before Lord’s Prayer Not mentioned Included Included
“Let us pray” Not included Not included Included
“Admonished by salutary precepts…” Included Included Included
“Our Father…” Said or Sung by All Said or Sung by All, intoned by Priest Typically Said or Sung by priest with others responding at end
“Deliver us, we beseech Thee…” Included, without “past, present, and to come”, mention of saints, and adding “as we await the blessed hope and the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ” Traditional version Traditional version
Doxology “For the kingdom…” “For thine is…” “Through the same…”
“May the peace…” Not included here Not included here Included here
“May this co-mingling” Not included here Not included here Included here
Agnus Dei Not included here Not included here Included here, always spoken, even when sung
“O Lord Jesus Christ…” Included, with “look not on *our* sins” Included, with “look not on *our* sins” Included, with “regard not *my* sins”
“The peace of the…” Included here Included here Not included here
“Let us offer each…” Included optionally here Not included Not included
Kiss of peace Included among clergy, optional among people Included among clergy, optional among people Included among clergy at Solemn Mass; optional at Sung Mass via a pax brede
“Christ our Passover…” Not included Included Not included
Breaking the Host During Agnus Dei During Christ our Passover During doxology to Lord’s Prayer
“May this mingling…” Included here Included here Not included here
Agnus Dei Included here Included here Not included here
Requiem alternate text for Agnus Dei Not included Included Included
“O Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the living God…” and “Let not the partaking…” silent prayers by priest Option of either, without doxologies Not included in Missal Both, with doxologies
Prayer of Humble Access Not included Included Not included
“I will take the bread of heaven” Not included Not included Included
Priest’s “Lord, I am not worthy” Not included Not included Included
Priest’s reception of communion Not included here Not included here Included here
Confiteor Not included Not included Not included in 1962 Missal, although it is often included according to local custom
“Behold the Lamb…” Included Included Included
“Blessed are those…” Included Included Not included
“Lord, I am not…” Included, once Included, once or thrice Included, thrice
Prayers before priest receives communion:

1. “May the body…”

2. “What shall I render…”

3. “May the blood…”

Included here, only 1 & 3 Included here, only 1 & 3 Included earlier, all three
Communion Proper Read here or sung at any point during communion, or replaced with other singing. Read here or sung. Not read here. Sung at some point during communion.
Text spoken for each communicant’s communion Minister: “The Body (or “Blood”) of Christ.”

Communicant: “Amen.”

Under one kind at a time: Minister: “The Body (Blood) of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given (shed) for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.”

Or

“The Body (Blood) of Christ.”

 

Under both kinds together: “The Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.”

Or

“The Body and Blood of Christ.”

 

No mention is made of the communicant responding.

Minister: “May the Body of Our Lord Jesus Christ + keep thy soul unto life everlasting. Amen.”

 

The communicant does not respond.

“Into a pure heart…” Not included Not included Included
Prayer during purification “What has passed our lips as food, O Lord, may we possess in purity of heart, that what has been given to us in time may be our healing for eternity.” “Grant, O Lord, that what we have taken with our mouths we may receive with a pure heart; and from a temporal gift may it become to us an everlasting remedy.” “May Thy Body, O Lord, which I have received, and Thy Blood which I have drunk cleave to mine inmost parts: and do Thou grant that no stain of sin remain in me, whom pure and holy mysteries have refreshed: Who livest and reignest world without end. Amen.”
Communion Proper Not read here Not read here Read here, even at sung and Solemn Mass
“Almighty and everliving God…” Not included Included Not included
“The Lord be with…” Not included Not included Included
“Let us pray…” and Postcommunion Included Included Included
“The Lord be with…” Included Included Included
“Go, it is the dismissal…” Not included here Not included here Included here
“May the lowly homage…” Not included Not included Included
“May almighty God…” Included Not included in these words Included
“The peace of God…” Not included Included Not included
Dismissal Included with options:

1. “Go forth, the Mass is ended.”

2. “Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord.”

3. “Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life.”

4. “Go in peace.”

Included with options:

1. “Go forth in peace.”

2. “Depart in peace.”

Or “V. Let us proceed in peace. R. In the name of Christ. Amen.” For processions.

Not included here
Requiem alternative for blessing and dismissal “V. May they rest in peace. R. Amen.” Not included Included Included
Last Gospel Not included in Missal Given in appendix for optional use when prescribed. Replaced with Matthew 2:1-12 at the Mass of Christmas Day Included when prescribed.

 

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The Ascension Obligation and American Ordinariate Members

I am a canonical member and instituted acolyte of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter, and it happens often that I hear the same common confusion about what one’s obligations are regarding the Ascension holy day and whether one needs to participate in Mass on the traditional Thursday after the Sixth Sunday of Easter or on the following Sunday. This article seeks to answer all the confusion for all members of the Latin Rite in the United States with a focus on members of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter.

Here are the main points: You must participate in any Mass in any Catholic rite at any point from Wednesday evening (4 pm) through the end of Thursday in the sixth week of Easter AND keep the regular Saturday evening/Sunday requirement if you are a canonical member of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter or of one of the following dioceses. If you are a canonical member of any other diocese (including the Archdiocese for the Military Services), you are only obliged to keep the Sunday precept, and nothing additional is required.

The mentioned dioceses are:

Archdiocese of Boston

Archdiocese of Hartford

Archdiocese of Newark

Archdiocese of New York

Archdiocese of Philadelphia

Archdiocese of Omaha

Diocese of Albany

Diocese of Allentown

Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown

Diocese of Bridgeport

Diocese of Brooklyn

Diocese of Buffalo

Diocese of Burlington

Diocese of Camden

Diocese of Erie

Diocese of Fall River

Diocese of Grand Island

Diocese of Greensburg

Diocese of Harrisburg

Diocese of Lincoln

Diocese of Manchester

Diocese of Metuchen

Diocese of Norwich

Diocese of Ogdensburg

Diocese of Paterson

Diocese of Pittsburgh

Diocese of Portland (Maine)

Diocese of Providence

Diocese of Rochester

Diocese of Rockville Centre

Diocese of Scranton

Diocese of Springfield in Massachusetts

Diocese of Syracuse

Diocese of Trenton

Diocese of Worcester

The above information is the bare minimum to answer any Latin Rite US Catholic’s question about their obligation. However, it is just that. Many Catholics will want to know more than just the bare minimum to satisfy the law. Hopefully, you do too! So read on to hear about why this is such a baffling situation.

An excellent place to start is to go to the authoritative resource mandating holy days of obligation: Canon Law. Turning to the current Code of Canon Law of 1983, Canons 1246 through 1248 state the following:

Can.  1246 §1. Sunday, on which by apostolic tradition the paschal mystery is celebrated, must be observed in the universal Church as the primordial holy day of obligation. The following days must also be observed: the Nativity of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Epiphany, the Ascension, the Body and Blood of Christ, Holy Mary the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, Saint Joseph, Saint Peter and Saint Paul the Apostles, and All Saints.

  • 2. With the prior approval of the Apostolic See, however, the conference of bishops can suppress some of the holy days of obligation or transfer them to a Sunday.

Can.  1247 On Sundays and other holy days of obligation, the faithful are obliged to participate in the Mass.

Moreover, they are to abstain from those works and affairs which hinder the worship to be rendered to God, the joy proper to the Lord’s day, or the suitable relaxation of mind and body.

Can.  1248 §1. A person who assists at a Mass celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the feast day itself or in the evening of the preceding day satisfies the obligation of participating in the Mass.

  • 2. If participation in the eucharistic celebration becomes impossible because of the absence of a sacred minister or for another grave cause, it is strongly recommended that the faithful take part in a liturgy of the word if such a liturgy is celebrated in a parish church or other sacred place according to the prescripts of the diocesan bishop or that they devote themselves to prayer for a suitable time alone, as a family, or, as the occasion permits, in groups of families.

The confusion begins with the fact that there are two different days on which the Ascension may fall, which is permitted by Can. 1246 §2. With this authority granted them by Canon Law, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops decreed in 1999 that each ecclesiastical province may transfer the Solemnity of the Ascension to the next Sunday provided two-thirds of the province’s bishops vote in favor of it. This decree was approved by St. John Paul II. An ecclesiastical province is a juridical grouping of several dioceses, including one archdiocese, whose archbishop has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over other bishops of the province.

Most provinces in the United States have transferred the feast to Sunday, except a few: Boston, Hartford, New York, Newark, Omaha, Philadelphia, and the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter. For most Latin Rite Catholics in the US, the answer to the obligation is easy: if you are a canonical member in one of the dioceses of these provinces, you attend Mass on Thursday and Sunday; if you are a canonical member in a diocese of any other province, you only need to attend Mass on Sunday.

For most Catholics attending a regular parish in a diocese, there’s no confusion there. You just check your diocesan calendar and attend whenever the Ascension is celebrated. But it does get especially tricky for canonical members of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter or Catholics who attend the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite, sometimes known informally as the Traditional Latin Mass or the Tridentine Mass. I will discuss the Personal Ordinariate first.

The Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter (POCSP) is an ecclesiastical jurisdiction equivalent to a diocese, that allows priests and laity with an Anglican background to enter into full communion with the Catholic Church while retaining many elements of their Anglican patrimony. It spans the United States and Canada with about 44 parishes or communities and is part of the Latin Rite. Being its own ecclesiastical province, the bishop gets to make the determination on his own of when Ascension will be celebrated, and he has decided it shall be kept on the traditional Thursday.

The difficult part about this is the unique situation of the POCSP. Most of the parishes or communities exist within the geographical territory of provinces that celebrate the Ascension on Sunday, making the Ordinariate parish one of the only churches in the area offering an Ascension Mass on Thursday. The question is if you are not able to make it to your Ordinariate parish for Ascension Thursday Mass, should you go to Mass elsewhere on the Thursday, where the liturgy is not of the Ascension, or should you skip and go to the Ascension liturgy at a diocesan parish on Sunday?

Go back to Canon Law to answer this. Can.  1248 §1 reads: “A person who assists at a Mass celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the feast day itself or in the evening of the preceding day satisfies the obligation of participating in the Mass.” The focus here is “on the feast day itself.” This canon is not concerned with the liturgy of the Ascension being celebrated; it is concerned with attending Mass on the date of the feast day, even mentioning “a Mass celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite”. For Ordinariate members, the feast day is in fact, on the Thursday, and so, POCSP members must attend any Mass anytime on Thursday or on Wednesday evening. Note that this also applies to Ordinariate Catholics in Canada because the POCSP is legally a United States province, even though its territory extends to Canada.

A similar case would arise for Catholics who attend the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite. But the main difference is, those Catholics follow the diocesan calendar regarding their days of obligation. However, by design of its liturgical calendar, the EF must always observe Ascension on Thursday. You only need to follow what the requirement is for your diocese since you are a diocesan member. While you may attend an Ascension Thursday Mass in the Extraordinary Form, it would not necessarily be because of the holy day. In most dioceses, you need not ever attend a Mass for the Ascension, but you would still be obeying the law.

Of course, all this is simply the bare minimum required of the law. I would certainly recommend making an effort to always attend the liturgy of the Ascension. Understandably, a typical American layperson’s schedule can be busy, and so we do what we can, and so it is helpful for this matter that the letter of the law is known well. The spirit of the law certainly doesn’t replace the letter of the law, but they should work together, and it is my hope that this article is a helpful point of reference.

 

Sources:

http://www.usccb.org/beliefs-and-teachings/what-we-believe/canon-law/complementary-norms/canon-1246.cfm

http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/_P4N.HTM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Catholic_dioceses_in_the_United_States

http://www.milarch.org/holy-days-of-obligation/

http://www.ewtn.com/library/liturgy/zlitur242.htm

https://www.thoughtco.com/ascension-a-holy-day-of-obligation-542410

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_Ordinariate_of_the_Chair_of_Saint_Peter